|Diamonds & the The Four Cs|
|Cut The Ideal Cut Diamond describes a round brilliant diamond that has been cut to exact mathematical proportions||Carat Weight As with all precious stones, the weight of a diamond is expressed in carats.|
Clarity Nature has fingerprinted virtually all diamonds with natural internal characteristics called inclusions. The size, nature, quantity and location of these inclusions determine a diamonds clarity grade.
Color While most diamonds appear colorless, they actually have slight shades of yellow or brown. The more easily apparent these colors are, the rarity and value decrease.
|At Musselman's we offer diamonds from the foremost labs, GIA, EGL, AGS...|
are a gift from pearl oysters & mussels from waters around the
world. These gems occur in salt and fresh water. They have been traded
by and adorned many cultures thruought the world. About 1900 the son
of a Japanese noodle vendor Kokichi Mikimoto researched a technique to
"culture" pearls. At about the same Tatsuhei Mise and Tokichi Nishikawa
each invented techniques for culturing round pearls. From that time on
the availability of pearls greatly increased.
A natural pearl (often called an Oriental pearl) forms when an irritant works its way into a particular species of oyster, mussel or clam. As a defense mechanism, the mollusk secretes a fluid to coat the irritant. Layers are deposited until a lustrous pearl is formed.
A cultured pearl undergoes the same process. The only difference is that the irritant is a surgically-implanted mother-of-pearl bead or piece of shell. The core is, therefore, much larger than in a natural pearl. As long as there are enough layers of nacre the size of the nucleus is of no importance to beauty or durability.
Imitation pearls are a different
story altogether. In most cases, a glass bead is dipped into a solution
made from fish scales. This coating is thin and may eventually wear off.
have fascinated the human race for many thousands of years. The color
and reflection allow individuals to express themselves. As with most
items of value rarity is a major factor in determining the value of a
gem stone. |
Purity of color is one very important factor, rubies need to be true red, emeralds should be a pure green color. sapphires may occur in any color under the rainbow.... Saturation of color results in your impression of the color, a stone that is oversaturated with color is going to appear dark and many times opaque. Regardless of gemological factors that influence the rarity/price of a fine gemstone the final selection is yours alone and truly based on personal prefrence.