Diamonds & the The Four Cs

Cut The Ideal Cut Diamond describes a round brilliant diamond that has been cut to exact mathematical proportionsCarat Weight As with all precious stones, the weight of a diamond is expressed in carats.


Clarity Nature has fingerprinted virtually all diamonds with natural internal characteristics called inclusions. The size, nature, quantity and location of these inclusions determine a diamonds clarity grade.


Color While most diamonds appear colorless, they actually have slight shades of yellow or brown. The more easily apparent these colors are, the rarity and value decrease.
At Musselman's we offer diamonds from the foremost labs, GIA, EGL, AGS...

About Pearls

Pearls are a gift from pearl oysters & mussels from waters around the world. These gems occur in salt and fresh water. They have been traded by and adorned many cultures thruought the world. About 1900 the son of a Japanese noodle vendor Kokichi Mikimoto researched a technique to "culture" pearls. At about the same Tatsuhei Mise and Tokichi Nishikawa each invented techniques for culturing round pearls. From that time on the availability of pearls greatly increased.

A natural pearl (often called an Oriental pearl) forms when an irritant works its way into a particular species of oyster, mussel or clam. As a defense mechanism, the mollusk secretes a fluid to coat the irritant. Layers are deposited until a lustrous pearl is formed.

A cultured pearl undergoes the same process. The only difference is that the irritant is a surgically-implanted mother-of-pearl bead or piece of shell. The core is, therefore, much larger than in a natural pearl. As long as there are enough layers of nacre the size of the nucleus is of no importance to beauty or durability.

Imitation pearls are a different story altogether. In most cases, a glass bead is dipped into a solution made from fish scales. This coating is thin and may eventually wear off.

The most popular colors for round pearls are whites, creams and pinks. Silver, black and gold are gaining new interest. Freshwater pearls occur in many colors and are often treated to produce more evenly-colored strands. These may be found in lovely peaches, lavenders, pinks and blues as well as white. Rings, pendants, brooches and earrings are created with a wide range of pearl shapes-round, pear, egg, teardrop, half, three-quarter and blister. Baroque pearls, irregularly shaped pearls which don't fall into any, other category, often make beautiful subjects for rings and pendants because of their unique, flowing form.



Gemstones
Gemstones have fascinated the human race for many thousands of years. The color and reflection allow individuals to express themselves. As with most items of value rarity is a major factor in determining the value of a gem stone.

Purity of color is one very important factor, rubies need to be true red, emeralds should be a pure green color. sapphires may occur in any color under the rainbow.... Saturation of color results in your impression of the color, a stone that is oversaturated with color is going to appear dark and many times opaque. Regardless of gemological factors that influence the rarity/price of a fine gemstone the final selection is yours alone and truly based on personal prefrence.

Birthstones
Month
Stone
Stone Description
Myth
January
Garnet
Durable gemstone found most often in a dark red color, but available in many other colorsProvides guidance and protection in the night, shields from nightmares, enhances endurance, reduces swelling and joint inflammation
February
Amethyst
Pale lilac to rich deep purple shades, available in almost any size and shapeSymbol of royal sovereignty; prevents intoxication, plague, and evil spells
March
Aquamarine
Refreshing pastel blue colorUniversal symbol of youth, hope, and health.
April
Diamond
Most often colorless, but also found in a variety of colors. Hardest gemstone.Symbol of love, courage, and invincibility
May
Emerald
Rich green gemstone, can be fragile.Represents eternal youth, rebirth, and fertility
June*
Pearl
Product of an oyster's defense mechanismEmblem of modesty, chastity, and purity
June*
Alexandrite
Often green in daylight and red in incandescent light, rare gemstoneColor changes were thought to be evil, but alexandrite now symbolizes good omens
July
Ruby
Known as "Lord of the Gems" for its rarity and beauty.Symbol of love, power, passion, affection, and majesty
August
Peridot
Created from volcanic action, lively lime green gemstoneBanishes evil spirits, protects its wearer from terrors in the night.
September
Sapphire
Most often found in a deep blue color, but can be pink, green, orange, and golden yellowProtects wearer from harm, thought to lack luster if worn by the wicked or impure
October*
Opal
Often white with flashes of many colorsSymbolizes hope, inoocence, and purity
October*
Tourmaline
Found in a spectrum of colors from green and blue to red and violetPromotes good health, builds friendships, creates harmony, and develops social popularity
November
Topaz
Golden yellow gemstone, but also found in many other colorsCurs insomnia and asthma, improves eyesight, and increases strength
December*
Turquoise
Ranges in color from sky blue to blue green and apple greenBrings spoils to the warrior, animals to the hunter, and happiness and good fortune to all
December*
Zircon
Most often blue in color, from pastel to bright blue. One of the heaviest gemstonesProtescts wearers against plague


* - Month has more than one birthstone choice